Membrane Switches

The Hall Company prides itself on offering the highest quality membrane switches available on the market.  Our experience designing and manufacturing custom membrane switches goes back to the late 1970’s and The Hall Company was awarded one of the earlier patents for membrane switch assemblies.  The Hall Company’s decades of experience help to ensure that your product’s design will function correctly in whatever environment you need it to operate in. Membrane switches can be used in a variety of products and applications and are an economical solution for a multitude of switching needs. The Hall Company produces membrane switches for global leaders in the medical, aviation, consumer, industrial, food service, and scientific markets. The Hall Company does extensive life cycle testing on its membrane switch products to ensure customer expectations are exceeded.  

What is a membrane switch?

A membrane switch is an electronic switch for turning a circuit on and off.   Membrane switches differ from traditional mechanical switches in that they are printed circuitry taking up less space and providing a lower profile than a traditional mechanical switch.  This also improves longevity of the switch’s lifecycle and makes them more affordable as they do not have the plastic and copper moving parts of a traditional mechanical switch.  Membrane switches are also easy to clean and have less opportunities for water intrusion making them ideal for a variety of industries.  Some examples of membrane switches might be controls for consumer appliances, key pads at gas pumps, and controls on a lot of medical devices. Membrane switches can be very thin and can offer almost any key configuration needed. Membrane switches operate when two layers of printed circuitry and pressed together closing the circuit normally open circuit.

Membrane Switch Construction

Membrane switches made up of thin flexible plastic layers including polyesters and polycarbonates. These layers are built up and sandwiched together to construct the whole switch assembly.  Membrane switch construction ranges from fairly simple to very complex depending on the switches functionality and the environment it will be required to operate in. At a minimum, the switch assembly would require a printed graphical overlay, adhesive layers, a printed upper circuit layer, spacer materials, a printed lower circuit layer, another adhesive layer, and filler for the termination tail.  More complex assemblies can include backlighting layers, dome layers, shielding layers, and other layers for various product requirements. Membrane switch circuits are screen printed using silver or carbon conductive inks to create a circuit layer.  Graphical layers can be either screen printed or digitally printed. Metal domes can be added to provide tactile feedback to the user.  LEDS can be used in conjunction with other materials to backlight a membrane switch. Membrane switches can also be completely flexible circuit assemblies, adhered to a backplate, or built up on top of a rigid PCB.

Membrane Switch Uses

Because of their slim profile, economic efficiency, and versatility, membrane switches are used in a variety of industries.  Some examples include:

Medical industry– because of their ease of cleaning, ability to withstand moisture intrusion, and reliability, membrane switches are regularly used in medical devices.

Aviation industry– membrane switches light weight and low profile make them ideal for aviation solutions from the cabin to the cockpit of commercial and private aircraft.

Industrial controls– membrane switches are well suited for harsh environments and are easily cleaned making them common in industrial applications.

Food Equipment – membrane switches can be an ideal solution for food preparation and handling equipment because of their low profile, reliability and ease of cleaning.

Consumer Applications– membrane switches are ideal for consumer applications because of their cost effectiveness, slim size, unlimited design options, and backlighting abilities.

Scientific and Electrical Equipment – Membrane Switches are widely used in both scientific equipment and electronics because of their ease of cleaning, ability to withstand moisture intrusion, and slim profiles.

Membrane Switch Options

  • Custom color matching and intricate graphical layer design – Our team has the experience to make the face of your product stand out from the field.
  • Tactile domes – Tactile domes provide the user with a snap or click sound and sensation when depressed. Membrane switches do not have to have this feature and have a longer potential life expectancy without tactile domes.
  • Embossed Keys – Key areas can be embossed, or raised or lowered, to give a feel guide to where the key is. This can be a pillow or ring emboss.
  • LED Backlighting – Custom backlighting solutions for your product can include; led light guide films, EL Lamps, and fiber optics. While LED light guide films can provide the most even lighting options, each application has its advantages and we can help guide you to the best solution for your project.
  • Display windows – These can be incorporated into a variety of shapes and sizes and can be tinted or clear.
  • Shielding – Membrane switches can be built with EMI, RFI, and ESD layers to protect your product.
  • Backplates – Membrane switch assemblies can be stand alone flexible circuits or built up on rigid backplates including aluminum, steel, or other options.
  • PCB’s – Membrane switches can be built up on PCB’s that can also act as a rigid backplate.
  • Termination – A variety of terminations can be used to mate a membrane switch to your product. Our team can match your specifications or help guide you in the right direction.
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